A gathering storm

ISSN 0256-5004 (Print)

AIMS Journal, 2015, Vol 27 No 1

Elizabeth Prochaska looks at birth rights in the United Kingdom

Only five years ago, few had heard of the concept of human rights in childbirth. While access to life-saving maternity services had been cast in terms of maternal rights, human rights law had rarely been recognised as a source of respectful care or choice in childbirth.

Then in 2011, the decision of the European court of Human Rights in Ternovszky v Hungary, enshrining women's right to choose where to give birth, ignited the human rights in childbirth movement that has now taken off around the world. Organisations have formed in Europe, the United States, South America and Australia to promote women's birth rights. In September, the World Health Organisation1 issued a statement, inspired by the White Ribbon Alliance Charter for Respectful Maternity Care, on the prevention and elimination of disrespect and abuse during childbirth and recognised that dignified and respectful care are essential to women's health.

The attraction of human rights to campaigners seeking to improve maternity care lies in its universality and the practical, legal strength of human rights values of dignity, autonomy and equality. These values offer a powerful means to improve maternity care. The notion of dignity enriches relationships between women and caregivers by focusing on basic principles of human worth, autonomy, respect and compassion. As a legal principle enshrined in human rights law, dignity has real teeth, compelling respectful healthcare that takes account of every individual's choices. Human rights do not prioritise one way of giving birth over another – a decision to freebirth or a choice of caesarean section are both recognised as choices that reflect each individual woman's autonomy and vision of a good birth. As more recent judgments of the European court show, including Konovalova v Russia2 on the participation of medical students during birth, the fight for birth rights is likely to intensify and take in multiple aspects of women's birth experiences.

In the United Kingdom, AIMS has been promoting women's rights in childbirth for many years. Since 2013, it has been joined by birthrights, which was founded with the explicit aim of using human rights law to promote the rights of pregnant and birthing women. In its first two years, birthrights has advised hundreds of individual women and health professionals on the law relating to maternity care. Enquiries to birthrights reveal that many women in the UK do not have access to services of their choice and face disrespectful and obstructive treatment when they challenge the care that they are offered.

The birthrights Dignity Survey in October 2013 showed that childbirth can have a profound impact on women's self-respect and relationships with their babies and partners. As the White Ribbon Alliance3 has said 'women's experiences with caregivers can empower and comfort or inflict lasting damage and emotional trauma.' Respectful care during birth is fundamental to ensuring that women enter motherhood with resilience.

In 2015, birthrights will continue to promote women's rights through advice, training and research. It is collaborating with Bournemouth University on a project to investigate the experiences of women with disabilities, who are known to face particular obstacles to respectful maternity care. In the spring, the British Institute for Human Rights and birthrights will be publishing a Human Rights Guide for Midwives. The Guide will provide indepth explanation of human rights principles and the law illustrated with case studies based on enquiries that birthrights has received. It will be made available to every midwife in the country and training will be offered by birthrights and the BIHR (British Institute of Human Rights) to NHS Trusts. The Guide and the principles it espouses offer one means for midwives and the women they care for to challenge the culture of depersonalised care and to put meaning back into that often hollow phrase, 'woman-centred care'.

Elizabeth Prochaska Elizabeth is a founder of Birthrights, www.birthrights.org.uk

References

  1. World Health Organisation (2014) Statement on the prevention and elimination of disrespect and abuse during childbirth. WHO
  2. European court of Human Rights (2014) Konovalova v Russia
  3. White Ribbon Alliance (2011) The Respectful Maternity Care Charter. whiteribbonalliance.org

AIMS supports all maternity service users to navigate the system as it exists, and campaigns for a system which truly meets the needs of all. AIMS does not give medical advice, but instead we focus on helping women to find the information that they need to make informed decisions about what is right for them, and support them to have their decisions respected by their health care providers. The AIMS Helpline volunteers will be happy to provide further information and support. Please email helpline@aims.org.uk or ring 0300 365 0663.

Latest Content

Journal

« »

An Interview with Lorna Tinsley

AIMS Journal, 2020, Vol 32, No 4 Lorna Tinsley Interview by Rachel Boldero AIMS believes that an effective Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) is crucial for a well-funct…

Read more

My experiences of supporting breast…

AIMS Journal, 2020, Vol 32, No 4 By Wendy Jones PhD MRPharmS MBE ‘ Scientific, evidence-led information which is very up to date and relevant, and … better informed than…

Read more

Oxfordshire Breastfeeding Support &…

AIMS Journal, 2020, Vol 32, No 4 The OBS facilitators: Charlotte Gilman, Julie Gallegos, Lisa Mansour and Jayne Joyce (left to right) By Jayne Joyce IBCLC Project Lead Ox…

Read more

Events

« »

AIMS 60th Anniversary Event - Confe…

POSTPONED FROM JUNE 2020 Making a difference past and future The purpose of the day is to celebrate what Birth Activists in general and AIMS in particular have achieved,…

Read more

AIMS Annual General Meeting 2020

This year’s AGM will be an online meeting, so we plan to keep it to two hours. However, there will be the opportunity to stay, chat and socialise with friends and colleag…

Read more

Latest Campaigns

« »

AIMS letter to Jeremy Hunt followin…

AIMS has written this week to Jeremy Hunt MP, in his role as chair of the Health and Social Care Select Committee, as a response to the current discussion regarding a so-…

Read more

NICE Shared Decision Making Guideli…

AIMS has submitted comments on the draft NICE Shared decision making Guideline. You can read our comments here The details of the consultation on the draft guidelines can…

Read more

NICE Neonatal Infection Guideline -…

AIMS has submitted comments on the draft update of the NICE Neonatal Infection Guideline. You can read our comments here . The details of the draft guidelines can be foun…

Read more