Fatherhood Unveiled: Embracing the Perinatal and Early Years Journey with Love and Understanding

ISSN 2516-5852 (Online)

AIMS Journal, 2023, Vol 35, No 3

Scott Mair

By Scott Mair


Becoming a father is undoubtedly one of life's most transformative and profound experiences. As fathers-to-be stand by their partners during childbirth, they are swept up in a whirlwind of emotions – excitement, anxiety, and an overwhelming sense of responsibility. In this article, we will delve deep into the unique challenges and mental health experiences that new fathers face during the perinatal period and the early years of fatherhood. We will shed light on the array of emotions, societal expectations, and transformative journeys that shape their transition into parenthood, and explore how fathers can nurture their child's growth and development during this critical phase of life.

The helplessness and hope:

Regardless of how well the birth goes, there inevitably comes a point where fathers feel utterly powerless and helpless. They can only hope and watch, often experiencing both emotions simultaneously. What is often overlooked is the fact that in this situation, fathers are asked to trust medical professionals who might be strangers to them, adding to the challenges and distress they experience. This discombobulated state is challenging to comprehend, stemming from the profound responsibility of supporting their partner during childbirth while realising that they cannot practically change or fix the situation.

The weight of societal expectations:

Society often places immense pressure on new fathers to conform to certain stereotypes – being stoic, strong, and self-reliant. This expectation of being the ‘provider’ can lead to suppressing emotions and feeling inadequate, hindering open communication about their struggles. Fathers might feel isolated and hesitant to share their feelings, fearing that vulnerability could be mistaken for weakness. Breaking down these societal expectations is essential in creating a supportive environment that encourages fathers to express themselves and to seek help without judgement.

Navigating the emotional turbulence:

The mental health journey of new fathers during the perinatal period is complex and often overlooked. Research indicates that up to 1 in 10 fathers may experience postnatal depression,1 a condition commonly associated with mothers. However, the symptoms and experiences may manifest differently in fathers, including irritability, anger, or withdrawal. The pressure to be strong and the fear of being stigmatised can prevent many fathers from seeking help, exacerbating their emotional struggles. Recognising and addressing these mental health challenges is critical to supporting fathers during this transformative phase of life.

Bonding with the newborn:

Building a bond with the newborn takes time and patience for fathers, just as it does for mothers. It's essential to understand that babies might not recognise them immediately, leading to feelings of confusion and inadequacy. While mothers are often a baby's primary source of comfort and familiarity, fathers can feel disheartened when their attempts to soothe the baby are met with tears. Patience, understanding, and support are crucial during this period of adjustment, enabling fathers to develop a strong and loving relationship with their child.

The role of support systems:

During the perinatal period, fathers require robust support systems to navigate the challenges they face. Unfortunately, fathers' experiences are sometimes overshadowed or disregarded, leaving them feeling excluded or irrelevant. Engaging fathers in discussions, providing resources, and offering mental health support are invaluable steps in ensuring their well-being. Additionally, encouraging open conversations about their emotions and challenges will help fathers feel understood and supported during this transformative journey.

The impact of hormonal changes:

A lesser-known aspect of fatherhood is the influence of hormonal changes.2 A new father's testosterone levels can drop by up to a third, enabling them to become more accommodating, patient, and nurturing caregivers. However, these hormonal changes can also leave fathers more emotionally vulnerable, contributing to feelings of confusion or isolation. Understanding the impact of these hormonal shifts is vital in supporting fathers during their journey into parenthood.

Coping with change:

Fatherhood brings about significant changes in life, shifting priorities, and altering daily routines. For many men, change can be challenging to accept, and they may struggle to adapt to their new roles. However, embracing this new chapter of life is essential in fostering personal growth and strengthening familial bonds. Providing fathers with the tools to cope with change and offering guidance on adjusting to their new responsibilities can lead to a more positive and fulfilling fatherhood experience.

The importance of language:

One critical aspect often overlooked in the perinatal journey is the use of language. The term ‘partner’ is commonly used in maternity settings, and while it may be inclusive, some fathers perceive it as implying that they are inferior parents. Addressing fathers only in relation to the person giving birth can inadvertently minimise their significance in the parenting equation. Recognising the importance of language in promoting gender equality and inclusivity will help fathers feel valued and acknowledged in their roles.

Fatherhood and mental health:

The perinatal period can be a particularly vulnerable time for fathers' mental health. The lack of focus on fathers' emotional well-being can lead to their struggles going unnoticed or unaddressed. It is essential to acknowledge that the emotional challenges faced by fathers during this period are valid and deserve attention. By destigmatising mental health discussions and encouraging fathers to seek support, we can ensure a healthier and more supportive environment for fathers and their families.

Promoting a supportive environment:

Creating a supportive environment for fathers involves a collective effort from healthcare providers, family members, and society as a whole. Including fathers in prenatal and postnatal discussions, providing relevant resources, and offering mental health support are instrumental in empowering fathers to navigate the perinatal journey with confidence and love. Supporting fathers' mental well-being not only benefits the fathers themselves but also contributes to stronger and healthier families.

The role of paternal leave and workplace support:

In many societies, paternity leave and workplace support for fathers during the perinatal period are still lacking. Encouraging companies to offer generous paternity leave policies and flexible work arrangements can significantly benefit fathers and their families. This support allows fathers to be more present during this crucial period, fostering better bonding with their newborns and offering much-needed assistance to their partners.

Engaging fathers in parenting:

Actively involving fathers in parenting responsibilities right from the start is vital for their well-being and the overall family dynamic. Encouraging fathers to participate in caregiving activities, such as feeding, diaper changing, and soothing, helps build their confidence as caregivers and nurturers. This involvement not only strengthens the father-child bond but also allows mothers to have some much-needed rest and support during the postnatal period.

Fatherhood in the early years:

The early years of fatherhood are a time of continuous learning and growth for both the child and the father. Engaging in activities with their children, such as reading, playing, and exploring nature, fosters a strong bond between father and child. This connection lays the foundation for a positive and nurturing relationship that will endure through the years.

However, the early years of fatherhood can also be challenging. Fathers may grapple with feelings of self-doubt and inadequacy as they face the daily demands of parenting. Balancing work, family life, and personal interests can be overwhelming, leaving fathers feeling stretched thin. Additionally, societal expectations may continue to play a role, as fathers may face scrutiny or judgement for taking an active role in caregiving or choosing to stay home with their children.

Support systems are crucial during this time, as fathers benefit from having a network of understanding friends, family members, or support groups. These networks offer a space for fathers to share their experiences, seek advice, and find solace in the company of other fathers going through similar journeys.


Fatherhood during the perinatal period and the early years is a unique and transformative journey filled with challenges, emotions, and growth. By recognising and addressing the mental health experiences of new fathers and providing them with the support they need, we can create a nurturing and understanding environment where they feel valued, supported, and empowered on their path to parenthood.

Let us celebrate fatherhood in all its forms and strive to promote mental well-being for both mothers and fathers alike, ensuring a brighter and healthier future for families everywhere. As a father of seven boys ranging from 20 to 4 years old, I have personally experienced the joys and challenges of fatherhood. Through my journey, I have discovered ways to better engage services with fathers and offer support to fellow dads during this transformative period. I hope that sharing my experiences and insights will help new fathers navigate this remarkable journey with love and understanding, empowering them to be the best parents they can be. Together, let us champion the importance of supporting fathers' mental health and celebrating their vital role in nurturing the next generation.

Author bio: Scott Mair is a father who understands the complexities and rewards of fatherhood. He is passionate about promoting mental health for fathers and providing them with the tools they need to embrace their roles with love and understanding. It is his hope that this article will shed light on the importance of supporting fathers and celebrating the unique journey of fatherhood.

1 Scarff JR. Postpartum Depression in Men. Innov Clin Neurosci. 2019 May 1;16(5-6):11-14. PMID: 31440396; PMCID: PMC6659987.

2 Lee T. Gettler, Thomas W. McDade, Alan B. Feranil, and Christopher W. Kuzawa

(2011) Longitudinal evidence that fatherhood decreases testosterone in human males


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